A discussion group for sociolinguists at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

We are a group of graduate students and faculty at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa who are interested in Sociolinguistics. Using a wide variety of methods, we work together on projects which investigate the relationship between language and society and the use of language in society.

We meet every other week, currently via Zoom. If you are interested in joining us, email Katie at

Upcoming and recent sociolinguistic presentations and publications

    • In-Group members, if you have recent or upcoming presentations/papers/books/etc please email KD with the details so she can add them to the list.


  • Drager, Katie and Thomas Kettig. (in press) Sociophonetics. To appear in 2021 or 2022 in Rachael-Anne Knight and Jane Setter (Eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of Phonetics. Cambridge University Press.


      • Breslow, Emma and Caroline Hendy (2021) Was the barmi a schemozzle?: A comparative study of Australian and American familiarity with Jewish English lexical items. Poster presented at NWAV 49, Austin, October 2021.

      • Chong, Peter and Katie Drager (2021) Frame accent affects perceptual boundary between English /p/ and /b/. Presented at the 5th Variation and Language Processing Conference (VALP5), University of Copenhagen, August 2021.

      • Drager, Katie, Kate Hardeman Guthrie, Rachel Schutz, and Ivan Chik (2021) Perceptions of Style: A focus on fundamental frequency and perceived social characteristics. To appear in Lauren Hall-Lew, Emma Moore, and Robert J. Podesva (Eds.) Social Meaning and Linguistic Variation: Theorizing the Third Wave. Cambridge University Press, 176-202.

      • Hendy, Caroline , Carmel O'Shannessy and Rikke Bundgaard-Nielse (2021) Fricatives in Light Warlpiri: Variation in the phonetics of an Australian Mixed Language. Presented at NWAV 49, Austin, October 2021.

      • Reddy, Anupama, Annika Topelian, Jue Wang and Katie Drager (2021) Factors influencing modal+NEG contraction in Hawai‘i English. Presented at NWAV 49, Austin, October 2021.



      • Belew, Anna and Sammy Mbipite (2019) Iyasa Éboó: A Youth-Driven Model for Language Documentation and Revitalization. 6th International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation. Honolulu, March 2019.

      • Drager, Katie, M. Joelle Kirtley, Clinton Kakela Awai, Catherine Lee, and Jonny Kim (2019) Speaker ethnicity, language background, and the pronunciation of Hawaiian place names. In Marcia dos Santos Machado Vieira and Marcos Luiz Wiedemer (Eds.) Dimensões e Experiências em Sociolinguística. São Paulo: Blucher, 2019, 33-54.

      • Drager, Katie, Kamuela Yim, and Bethany Kaleialohapau‘ole Chun Comstock. (2019) Variation among the quotative verbs of Hawaiian. Poster presented at the NINJAL-SGRL-UHM workshop on understudied language varieties. Honolulu, January 2019.

      • Solomon, Ha‘alilio, Hina Kneubuhl, and Katie Drager (2019) Ideologies about Hawaiian language revitalization and reclamation. Talk Story session at the International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation in Honolulu in February/March 2019.

      • Strong, Katherine, Kate Lindsay, and Katie Drager (2019) Linking prestige with power: Gender, oration, and variable affrication in Ende. Presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation 48. Eugene, October 2019.

      • Kim, Jonny, Amy Schafer, and Katie Drager (2019) Preparatory attention to sociophonetic incongruence facilitates word identification. Presented at VALP4 in Sydney in January 2019.


      • Belew, Anna (2018) Discourses of speakerhood in Iyasa: Linguistic identity and authenticity in an endangered language. Language Documentation & Conservation 12.

      • Chevrot, Jean-Pierre, Katie Drager, and Paul Foulkes (2018) (Topic editors) Special issue on sociolinguistics and cognitive science, TopiCS in Cognitive Science 10(4).

      • Drager, Katie (2018) Experimental Research Methods in Sociolinguistics. London: Bloomsbury.

      • Hay, Jennifer, Katie Drager, and Andy Gibson (2018) Hearing /r/-sandhi: The role of past experience. Language 94(2): 360-404.

      • Kettig, Thomas and Katie Drager (2018) The social evaluation of TRAP-backing in Montreal. Sociolinguistics Symposium 22. Auckland, New Zealand, 30 June.

      • Kim, Jonny and Katie Drager (2018) Rapid influence of word-talker associations on lexical access. Topics in Cognitive Science 10(4), 775–786.

      • Kirtley, M. Joelle and Katie Drager (2018) Mean pitch and style: A focus on three individuals in Hawai‘i. Presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation 47 in New York City in October.

      • Walker, Abby and Katie Drager (2018) The role of canonicity vs. experience-based expectations on speech processing. Poster presented at LabPhon 16 in Lisbon in June.

      • Walker, Abby, Jennifer Hay, Katie Drager, and Kauyumari Sanchez (2018) Divergence in speech perception. Linguistics 56(1): 257-278.


      • Belew, Anna (2017) Discourses of Speakerhood in Iyasa. 48th Annual Conference on African Linguistics. Bloomington, March 2017.

      • Belew, Anna (2017) "Who Says We're Finished?": Investigating Community Perceptions of Language Endangerment. 5th International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation. Honolulu, March 2017.

      • Drager, Katie, Bethany Kaleialohapau‘ole Chun Comstock, and Hina Puamohala Kneubuhl (2017) He nui nā ala e hiki aku ai: Factors influencing the phonetic variation in the Hawaiian word kēia, In Kristine A. Hildebrandt, Carmen Jany, and Wilson Silva (Eds.) Documenting Variation in Endangered Languages. Language Documentation & Conservation Special Publication no. 13, Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, 65-93.

      • Hay, Jennifer, Ryan Podlubny, Katie Drager, and Megan McAuliffe (2017) Car talk: Location-specific production and perception. Journal of Phonetics 65, 94-109.

      • Kettig, Thomas (2017) Now say ‘Ah’: Internal factors of shifting and the English low vowel space. In E. Louviot and C. Delesse (eds), Studies in Language Variation and Change 2: Shifts and Turns in the History of English. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

      • Kettig, Thomas (2017) Diachronically stable, lexically specific variation: The phonological representation of secondary /æ/-lengthening. Phonetics and Phonology in Europe. Cologne, Germany, 12-14 June (Poster).

      • Kettig, Thomas (2017) One hundred years of stability: The case of the BAD-LAD split. 91st Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Austin, TX, 6 January (Poster).

      • Kettig, Thomas and Bodo Winter (2017) Producing and Perceiving the Canadian Vowel Shift: Evidence from a Montreal Community. Language Variation and Change 29(1): 79–100. DOI:

      • Kim, Jonny and Katie Drager (2017) Sociophonetic realizations guide subsequent lexical access. Francisco Lacerda (Eds.) Proceedings of Interspeech 2017, 621–625.

      • Sóskuthy, Marton, Jennifer Hay, Margaret Maclagan, Katie Drager, and Paul Foulkes (2017) Early New Zealand English: The closing diphthongs. In Raymond Hickey (Ed.) Listening to the Past, Cambridge University Press, 529-561.


      • Drager, Katie (2016) Constructing style: phonetic variation in discursive functions of like. In Heike Pichler (Ed.) Discourse-Pragmatic Variation and Change in English: New Methods and Insights, Cambridge University Press, 232-251.

      • Drager, Katie, Bethany Kaleialohapau‘ole Chun Comstock, and Hina Puamohala Kneubuhl (2016) Ka puana pa‘a ‘ole: glottal stop variation in Hawaiian. Presented at the organized session "Documenting Variation in Endangered Languages" at the LSA Annual Meeting in Washington D.C. in January.

      • Drager, Katie, James Grama, Ramil Lorenzo Gonzalez, and Cassidy Copeland (2016) VOT and closure duration of word-initial voiceless plosives in Pidgin conversation. Paper presented at the Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the Acoustical Society of Japan in Honolulu in November/December.

      • Drager, Katie and M. Joelle Kirtley (2016) Awareness, salience, and stereotypes in exemplar-based models of speech production and perception. In Anna Babel (Ed.) Awareness and Control in Sociolinguistic Research, Cambridge University Press, 1-24.

      • Drager, Katie, Rachel Schutz, Claire Stabile, and Bethany Kaleialohapau‘ole Chun Comstock. (2016) They say, 'he talk like one haole': variation and change among quotative verbs in Hawai‘i. Presented at the LSA Annual Meeting in Washington D.C. in January.

      • Kim, Jonny (2016). Perceptual associations between words and speaker age. Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology 7(1), 18. DOI:

      • Kim, Jonny (2016). Lexical access and stereotypical 'word age' in Korean. Poster presented at The 15th Conference on Laboratory Phonology. Ithaca, NY. July 2016.

      • Kirtley, M. Joelle, James Grama, Katie Drager, and Sean Simpson (2016) An acoustic analysis of the vowels of Hawai‘i English. Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 46(1): 79-97. doi:10.1017/S0025100315000456.

      • Lamb, Gavin (2016) Multimodal resources projecting affect in L1/L2 conversational storytelling. In Matthew T. Prior and Gabriele Kasper (Eds.) Emotion in Multilingual Interaction, 29-56.


    • Drager, Katie (2015) Linguistic Variation, Identity Construction and Cognition. Berlin: Language Science Press.

    • Drager, Katie (2015) Probabilistic and stylistic factors influencing phonetic reduction. Keynote speaker at the New Zealand Society of Linguistics Conference. University of Otago, Dunedin, December 2015.

    • Grama, James. Real time phonological change in Hawaii Creole: A trend study of the short front vowels. Paper to be presented at 2015 Linguistics Society of America Annual Meeting. Portland, OR, January 2015.

    • Grama, James. "Variationist contributions to the study of creole communities: Sociophonetic analysis of real-time change in Hawaii Creole vowels." Paper to be presented at 2015 Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics. Portland, OR, January 2015.

    • Kennedy, Robert, James Grama & Heather Llewellyn. "On the nucleus-offglide trajectory of the mid-back rounded vowel in California English." Paper to be presented at 2015 American Dialect Society. Portland, OR, January 2015.

    • Lamb, Gavin (2015) "Mista, are you in a good mood?": Stylization to negotiate interaction in an urban Hawai‘i classroom. Multilingua: Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication 34(2): 159-185.


    • Awai, Clinton, Holly Britton, Meagan Dailey, Katie Drager, Jonny Kim, M. Joelle Kirtley, Catherine Lee, and Claire Stabile (2014) Factors Influencing the Pronunciation of Hawaiian Place Names. Presented at NWAV-AP 3, Wellington, New Zealand.

    • Drager, Katie (2014) Perception and Language Attitudes. Pre-NWAV 43 Workshop, Chicago, IL.

    • Drager, Katie. (2014) Salience, Attention, and the Perception of Sociophonetic Variables. Keynote address at Bias in Perception, Aarhus, Denmark.

    • Drager, Katie and Malcah Yaegor-Dror. (2014) Organized panel on From Stance-Taking to Experiments: Language Use and the Awareness of Attitudes. 14th International Conference on Language and Social Psychology. Honolulu, HI, June 2014.

    • Drager, Katie and James Grama (2014) "De tawk dakain ova dea": Mapping language ideologies on O‘ahu. Dialectologia 12: 23-51.

    • Grama, James (2014) Regional Variation in Hawai'i Creole low back vowels. Presemted at NWAV 43, Chicago, IL.

    • Grama, James. (2014) Phonetic manifestation of creak across gender in California. 14th International Conference on Language and Social Psychology. Honolulu, HI, June 2014.

    • Higgins, Christina. (2014) Language attitudes as stance-taking: An interview-baseds tudy of intergeneratinoal language use in Hawai'i. 14th International Conference on Language and Social Psychology. Honolulu, HI, June 2014.

    • Kirtley, M. Joelle. (2014) Building on a methodology: Making the matched-guise technique more powerful. 14th International Conference on Language and Social Psychology. Honolulu, HI, June 2014.

    • Lee, Nala (2014) A Grammar of Baba Malay with Sociophonetic Considerations. PhD dissertation, UH Mānoa, chair: Lyle Campbell.

    • Schnoebelen, Tyler and Katie Drager. (2014) The perception of social types: Using LDA analysis to analyze open-response answers. 14th International Conference on Language and Social Psychology. Honolulu, HI, June 2014.

    • Simpson, Sean (2014) Phonetic cues to Localness in Hawai'i English: Feature clusters influencing perception. Presented at NWAV 43, Chicago, IL.

    • Simpson, Sean, Katie Drager, James Grama, and M. Joelle Kirtley (2014) Sound change in the back vowels of Hawai'i English. Presented at NWAV 43, Chicago, IL.


    • Drager, Katie, M. Joelle Kirtley, James Grama, Sean Simpson (2013) Language variation and change in Hawai‘i English: KIT, DRESS, and TRAP University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 19: Iss. 2, Article 6: 41-50.

    • Grama, James (2013) Phoneme segmentation in Praat. Workshop at The Language Analysis and Experimentation Labs Workshop Series. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, October 2013.

    • Hardeman, Kate (2013) Gender and Second Language Style: American Learner Perceptions and Use of Mandarin Sajiao. PhD dissertation, UH Mānoa, chair: Katie Drager.

    • Drager, Katie (2013) Experimental Methods in Sociolinguistics. In Janet Holmes and Kirk Hazen (eds.) Research Methods in Sociolinguistics: A practical guide, Wiley-Blackwell, 58-73.

    • Stabile, Claire (2013) A Preliminary Investigation of Cross Language Priming. Presented at the 17th Annual LLL Conference. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, March 2013.

    • Grama, James (2013) The effect of a single formant on dialect identification. Working Papers in Linguistics: University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 44(3)1-13.

Past Members